35 Community is viewed as a dynamic social and cultural construct especially in contemporary, open, multicultural cities.
Turning place at the end of cul-de-sac (before the trampedestrian zone) in Prague, Czech Republic Sign used in Russia for a dead end on right ahead Sign used in Russia for a dead end on left ahead Sign used in Ukraine for a dead end.
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36 (see under signage below).Archived from the original.Cliquez sur le lien pour valider votre inscription!It is recognized that cul-de-sac and looped streets inherently remove car traffic through them and restrict access to residents only.Other uses edit In military parlance, a "cul-de-sac" refers to a situation where an army is "hemmed in on all sides but behind".No outlet" is another alternative name used on street signs.) The expression cul-de-sac comes from French, where it originally meant "bottom of the sack".Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board.
Available at: m/lewyn/65 Orwell, George."Safe Urban Form: Revisiting the Relationship Between Community Design and Traffic Safety".Proponents of culs-de-sac and gated communities have in turn countered destock jeans code promo that the reduction in through traffic makes any "stranger" much more recognisable in the closed local environment and thus reduces crime danger.More convincing about its workability for their permanent residents are the case histories of cities such as Regensburg that show a gradual transformation of an imported or cadeau noel copine ado imposed orthogonal, legible grid to the traditional confusing street networks.Achetez en ligne ou appelez.A dead end is also known as a cul-de-sac ( /kldsæk/ or /kldsæk/ 1, from French for cul "bottom" de "of" sac "bag, sack or no exit road in certain contexts and dialects.The word "cul-de-sac" and its synonyms or near synonyms "dead end" and "no exit" have inspired metaphorical uses in literature and in culture, often with the result that a word or phrase seeming to have a negative connotation is replaced in street signs with.
31 New research has expanded the discussion on this disputed issue.
A study, reported in 1990, 33 compared the traffic performance in a 700-acre (2.8 km2) development that was laid out using two approaches, one with and the other without hierarchy or cul-de-sac streets.
Cities including Austin, Texas ; Charlotte, North Carolina ; and Portland, Oregon to restrict and regulate the inclusion of cul-de-sac streets in new suburbs.
In Canada, a variation of Steins Radburn 1929 plan that used crescents (loops) instead of culs-de-sac was built in 1947 in Manitoba, Wildwood Park, Winnipeg, designed by Hubert Bird.